Guide to Sagres, Algarve
Sagres is perfect for those who appreciate nature's beauty and tranquillity.
Sagres is located in the county of Vila do Bispo, on the Algarveâs rugged west coast. Itâs set within a vast expanse of protected natural parkland called Cape St Vincent (Cabo de SÃ£o Vicente), which marks the south-westernmost point of continental Europe. Sagres is the site of some memorable maritime events and is closely associated with Prince Henry the Navigator, who chose to build his school of navigation here. Lowly populated and largely unspoilt, Sagres offers stunning views across the Atlantic and some of the best surfing beaches in Europe.
What to see
Sagres Fortress: The Original Fortaleza de Sagres was built in the 15th Century, by order of Henry the Navigator, but was destroyed when Sir Francis Drake invaded the southern coasts of Portugal and Spain in the 16th Century. Rebuilt in the 18th Century, the fortress houses a former 16th Century monastery and a 14th Century chapel, which is believed to mark the grave of SÃ£o Vincente. Now listed as a National monument, itâs definitely worth a look - go for the view if nothing else. The fortress is open to the public from 9am to 5.30pm - Nov to Mar, 9.30am to 6.30pm - Apr and Oct, until 8pm during May, June and Sep, and until 8.30pm in July and Aug. (Closed on public holidays.)
Wind Rose: Next to the fortress youâll see the awesome Rosa dos Ventos (wind rose). The 43m diameter stone circle was uncovered in the 1920s and is believed to be a wind rose used to determine wind speed and direction.
Cape St. Vincent lighthouse: The Farol do Cabo SÃ£o Vicente was built in 1846 and was electrified in the early 1900s. Itâs an impressive sight on the southern-most point of the Sagres coast - you canât miss it - and is one of the most powerful lighthouse in Europe, throwing a 3m tall and 60km long beam over one of the worldâs busiest shipping lanes. The lighthouse complex has been developed over the years and is open to the public from 10am to 6pm, Tuesday to Sunday, April to September, and until 5pm from October to March.
Church of Our Lady of Grace: Towards the edge of the cliff top, within sight of the fortress, stands this small whitewashed church. - Igreja de Nossa Senhora da GraÃ§a. The building dates back to the 1600s and its simple tunnel-vaulted structure is embellished by an ornate 17th Century Baroque alter which features an image of St. Vincent.
Megalithic monuments: If you want to see evidence of Sagresâ prehistoric past, there are many excellent examples in the form of monuments and menhirs (large stones or groups of stones) which date back to the 4th to 3rd millennium B.C. The most impressive are a 2m high white limestone monument, which can be found in Aspradantas, and the group of menhirs near the Raposeira to Ingrina road.
Roman ruins: there are numerous Roman ruins in the area, but the most significant are along the coast. The great earthquake in 1755 exposed a vast structure comprising a villa, bathhouse and fish salting tanks on the beach at Boco do Rio. The site has been excavated several times and beautifully decorated mosaics and frescoes salvaged and put on display in Lagos museum. There are also remains of a villa and fish salting tanks at Salema beach, and a fish salting tank and a pottery centre in Martinhal.
What to do
Surf or body board: Sagres is the Algarveâs capital of surf and has a growing reputation as one of the best surfing destinations in Europe. It benefits from a number of bays along the stretch between Lagos and Sagres - perfect spots for beginners and the less experienced, while the beaches around and to the north of Cape of St Vincent offer the more proficient surfers and boarders swells of up to 5m. If you fancy taking lessons, there are a number of surf schools and surf camps in Sagres. If you want to just give it a go, youâll find many places offering board hire at very reasonable rates,
A spot of birdwatching: Birds are one of Sagresâ main attractions, with the annual Birdwatching Festival each October being one of the most important events in the birdwatching worldâs calendar. While the autumn migration is the best chance youâll get to spot a broad variety of birds in one place at one time, Sagresâ location in the Costa Vicentina Natural Park, makes it a great place for birdwatching at any time of year.
Watch the boats go by: All shipping from and through the Mediterranean to the west coast of Europe and most of the shipping from the North American coast, navigates via the point of Sagres, so thereâs no shortage of boats to observe from the headland. Or you can relax on Praia da Baleeira, a small beach that overlooks Sagresâ working fishing harbour, Porto da Baleeira, and watch the boats go by.
Take a boat trip: If you fancy splashing out on a boat trip there are plenty to choose from. Enjoy a gentle coastal cruise, venture out on a dolphin or seabird watching voyage, or try your hand at being a fisherman (or âfisherwomanâ) for a day. Cape Cruiser operates from Sagres and youâll find a number of other companies based in Lagos.
Have a beach day: The Sagres coast is lined with beautiful beaches and itâs fair to say that no two are the same. Many fly the Blue Flag, indicating that they have achieved the ecolabel award for good practices in terms of water quality, environmental management, safety and services, and environmental education.
Tonel beach is close to the town and very popular with the surfing community. Itâs easy to access and there are plenty of parking spaces. While surfing conditions here are excellent, currents can be very strong, so be cautious. Further west, Salema beach provides easy access for those with reduced mobility and offers golden sands in a picturesque setting - oh, and look out for the fossilised dinosaur tracks! Unless youâre a seasoned walker, youâll need transport to get you down to Castelejo and Cordoama beaches, but theyâre worth the effort. Flanked by awesome slate cliffs, these two beaches are perfect for invigorating walks. And if you enjoy exploring rock pools, visit when the tide is out. Both beaches can be accessed via Vila do Bispo - drive into the town and look out for the signs. Martinhal is a strikingly beautiful beach, with its series of miniature islands (IlhÃ©us do Martinhal) just off the coast. The sand is fine and white, and the waters are crystal clear. Not surprisingly, Martinhal is a popular windsurfing and kayaking destination.
These are just a few of the many beaches to explore in Sagres.
Visit Burgau: This tiny village of white washed buildings is dubbed âthe smugglerâs villageâ. Its narrow lanes ooze history and charm as they wind their way down to the beach. Burgau is best explored on foot.
Cycle: Two wheels is a great way to get around and see the best of Sagres. There are many cycle routes but, be warned, some are fairly rugged and hilly. If you donât have your own bike, there are stores and surf shops in the town that rent road and mountain bikes. If youâre staying at one of the main resorts or surf camps in the area, the chances are theyâll offer bike rental.
Walk or hike: It could be argued that Skanksâ Pony is the only way to really appreciate the Sagres coast. A cliff walk or hike is a truly sensory experience; amazing views, the sound of the waves against the rocks, the feel of the wind in your face and the natural aromas of wild thyme and lavender. Cape St Vincent is part of the 17.65 km Vila do Bispo section of the Via Algarviana Nature Trail and there are several companies offering walking holidays or guided walks. Alternatively, you can take things at your own pace and simply follow one of the many marked trails.
Fish: Fishing is a popular sport along the Sagres coast; the best fishing is in the winter when the ocean is rough. Youâll see locals fishing from the rocks, cliffs and from the beaches, but you need a licence to fish in Portugal and you need to take care and be sensible about where you fish from â some rocky ledges can be particularly dangerous. Sea fishing licences are issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MinistÃ©rio da Agricultura, do Desenvolvimento Rural e das Pescas â MADRP).
Check out the local nightlife: Thereâs a pleasant lack of raucous nightspots in Sagres. It appears that even the young surfing community here choses to âhang outâ on the beach or in the bars. However, if youâre craving a little rhythm try Warung. This great bar/bistro is well-known for party nights and live music. Thereâs also Pau de Pita, one of the liveliest bars on the main strip, with great food and music played into the early hours.
Where to eat
If you adore ocean fresh fish, youâre in the right place!
O Telheiro do Infante: The fish of the day is always a good choice at this family-run restaurant, as are O Telheiro do Infanteâs unique Lobster Ricepot and Mussel Cataplana. Thereâs a good choice of meat dishes too and they are all served up with spectacular ocean views.
Mar Ã Vista: This traditional Portuguese restaurant overlooks Praia da Mareta and offers a broad selection of seafood, tasty grilled meats and an impressive wine list. Try the Caldeiradas or the Massa de Lavagante. Mar Ã Vista is a great place to catch the setting sun.
Vila Velha: Combine traditional Portuguese cuisine with a creative twist and excellent hospitality, and you have Vila Velha. The menu features many local favourites and specials such Aunt Gabrielaâs Rabbit, Pork Medallions with Mango Sauce and Prawn Curry. Enjoy dinning dining Al Fresco in the summer, or eating in the cosy warmth indoors during the cooler months.
Restaurante Castelejo: Right on the beach, with great views of the surfers catching the waves, Restaurante Castelejo is an ideal stop-off for a chilled beer, coffee and cake, or a tasty lunch. The menu includes fresh salads and traditional fish and meat dishes.
Where to stay
Although there are some spots along the Sagres coast where wild camping is tolerated off season, it is illegal to wild camp in Portugal. So, youâd be wise to use the areaâs excellent campsites. Here are a couple of tried and tested suggestions:
Salema Eco Camp: 1km from Salema beach, Quinta dos Carricos is an Eco campsite with over 350 pitches spread over a vast wooded area. You can choose where you want to pitch, so you can be close to the siteâs facilities and other campers, or well away from everything and everyone! Great for tents, caravans and motorhomes. There are apartments for rent too and Salema Eco Camp is the only officially recognised campsite in the Algarve to offer a private Naturist area.
Pontalaia: This is a complex of 24 apartments with hotel facilities set in tranquil surroundings close to the town and the beach.
Tonel Apartamentos Turisticos: Simple but very comfortable accommodation in the heart of Sagres. A great base for exploring the area.
Apartments Os Descobrimentos: A family run complex of self-catering apartments and villas in the picturesque fishing village of Burgau.
Mareta Beach: This centrally located modern boutique hotel offers excellent views. Itâs close to the townâs shops, bars and restaurants and is just 200 metres from the beach.
Hotels and resorts
Pousada de Sagres Infant: This small hotel is located on a clifftop with fantastic views of Sagres Fortress and the lighthouse at Cape St Vincent.
Mareta View: this wonderfully stylish boutique hotel overlooks the white sands of Mareta beach - excellent value for money.
Memmo Baleeira Hotel: a purpose-built luxury hotel and spa, in a fabulous setting, with a wide range of quality guest facilities.
Martinhal: A distinctly stunning, elegant and luxurious resort in a breath-taking location. You have to experience it to truly appreciate it!
The practical stuff
Driving and parking
The majority of roads in and around Sagres are wide and well maintained, but there are a few narrower streets in residential areas that are unsuitable for large vehicles. There are no parking restrictions per se, but make sure you observe international parking rules and signage, including no overnight parking, designated disabled bays and areas reserved for loading and unloading.
The majority of Sagres town is flat with paved walkways, but many of the seaside villages leading down to the beaches are hilly. However, access to the beaches via road is good and Zavial, Almadena - Cabanas Velha, Burgau and Salema beaches carry the Praia Acessivel flag, meaning that they comply with access requirements such as ramps, footpaths and walkways, adapted toilet facilities and parking places. Salema beach also offers amphibious chairs, so people with reduced mobility can enjoy bathing in the sea. If you would like the use of an amphibious chair, you need to contact the local lifeguard when you arrive at the beach.
Thereâs a tourist office on Rua Comandante Matoso, where you can go for local information. The office is open from Tuesday to Saturday, 9am to 12.30pm and 1.30pm to 5.30pm.
Transport -Taxis operate from official taxi ranks and there are several ranks around Sagres. Alternatively, hotels, resorts and restaurants will be happy to call a taxi for you. If you need transport to and from Faro Airport, youâll probably get a better deal by booking ahead with one of the transfer companies.
Thereâs a good public transport service in Portugal. EVA offers a regular bus service across the Algarve and to Lisbon, and is a cheap way to get around. The EVA website is available in English.
Portugal has an excellent rail network too, which offers a low cost way to travel. The nearest station to Sagres is Lagos. You can get more information, download timetables and use the easy online booking system on the Comboios de Portugal website (available in English).
If youâd rather hire a vehicle, there are numerous hire companies offering good deals.
Supermarkets - There are a number of small supermarkets in Sagres, including an IntermarchÃ© store on the main road through the town which is open from 8.30am until 9pm daily. Thereâs also a Lidl store just off the EN125 at Vila do Bispo, which opens daily from 9am to 9pm.
WiFi - Many cafes and restaurants in Sagres offer free WiFi.
Banks â There are banks dotted around the town. A CA bank with an external ATM is located on Rua Comandante Matoso.
Police Station â The nearest GNR (Guarda Nacional Republicana) office is situated in Vila do Bispo on Rua de Santa FÃ©, Lt 1. T: 282 630 010. E: firstname.lastname@example.org
Medical care â Sagres has a small medical centre - Centro de SaÃºde, which is located on Rua Joaquim MaurÃcio, The Centre is open on Monday from 9am to 5pm and Tuesday to Friday from 9am to 4.30pm. T: 282 624 173.
There are a number of pharmacies in Sagres; Farmacia Sagres is located on Rua Comandante Matoso T: 282 624 850.
The nearest main hospital is in Lagos - Centro Hospitalar do Algarve, Rua Castelo dos Governadores. T: 282 770 100.
Veterinary care â If youâre travelling with pets, you may need a vet. There are a number of veterinary surgeries in and around Sagres. Vet-Sagres is located on Rua Nossa Senhora da GraÃ§a. T: 282 624 362.
Post Office â There is a small post office on Rua Comandante Matoso.
Payshops â look out for the red âPayshopâ sign. Handy for paying A22 Toll fees, topping up Portuguese network mobile phones and even buying a Lotto ticket! The Kiosk at Intermarche in Sagres is âPayshopâ.
Enjoy your visit!
For information on other areas of the Algarve read our Algarve Travel Guides.